Thursday, December 3, 2009

BOINC Portable Beta

REACT! 


The Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC) is a system that allows users to volunteer CPU time to various projects. The idle CPU time is used to help discover new drugs, search for extraterrestrial intelligence, solve mathematical problems, predict climate changes etc.

Normally you install BOINC on your computer and then subscribe to different projects. Now you can run it from your USB flash stick or from your desktop without the need for an installation.

This is a beta version and I release it hopping to get some feedback.

You should be aware of the following problems:
  1. If you download a job on an Intel CPU and then continue running it on an AMD CPU (or perhaps on a different Intel CPU too) it might corrupt the results so try not to do this.
  2. Because of the limited space on flash drives some projects might reject you.

It would be a good idea to attach to a project and then edit the local preferences to make it write to the disk every ten minutes or even more and also not download data for many days ahead. Finally it would be better to use it more like an install-less version rather than a portable one.

Download BOINC Portable Beta from here and please leave comments!

PS: After I made my portable version I found another portable version made by another guy here.

PS2: You can find the source code for the launcher in the Data directory. It's an AutoIt3 script. Feel free to do whatever you like with it.

PS3: I forgot to add this to the readme:
You can find the source code for BOINC here.

PS4: I tested the other guy's portable version and it lack some features compared to my own. For example it doesn't seem to save the registry settings of BOINC Manager.

Tuesday, November 3, 2009

Ctrl+H

REACT! 
In Linux you can toggle the viewing of hidden files by pressing Ctrl+H. This doesn't happen in Windows where you have to take a small trip through the explorer menus and options to toggle this setting, accept the changes, se your hidden files and then go through the same trip to hide them again. Ctr+H comes to fill in this feature. Copy it to any folder and run it once. It will ask you if you want to register it so that it starts up with your system. After that it will popup a message over your clock telling you it's running. Its tray icon will soon dissapear but Ctrl+H is still running. Then you will be able to show or hide hidden files by pressing Ctrl+H just like on Linux.

Click here to download Ctrl+H.

Friday, October 30, 2009

FrontPAQ v4

REACT! 
FrontPAQ is now better. Here is a list of changes:
  • The progress bar moves smoothly and not only on the end of files.
  • FrontPAQ doesn't show a folder selection dialog if you run it. Instead it displays how to use it which now has changed: you drag and drop things on it. That way you can have it on your Desktop or you can have a shortcut in the quick launch and use it easily by dragging directories or files on it.
  • It will search the directory where it is stored for PAQ8P*.exe compressors and use the first one if available. If it finds none then it will temporarily export an embedded one in its directory. If its directory is read-only (eg CDROM) it will use the system temp instead.
  • It is compatible with PAQ8PF too which is a much faster compressor with still great compression.
  • It includes two embedded compressors: PAQ8PX v64 and PAQ8PF beta 1. You can select any of them when you select the level of compression.
  • It now gives proper advice when the "tmpfile: access denied" error is encountered. (reboot or run as admin)
FrontPAQ versions 2 and 3 were made by moisesmcardona and included different compression engines. You can also find version 5 on his site which uses more up-to-date compression engines. I will update FrontPAQ only when I make changes in the front end so you can find the latest versions either on moisesmcardona's site or you can get them from this great forum and drop the one you want to use in FrontPAQ's directory and it will use it instead of the embedded. On the forum you can also discuss about FrontPAQ in this thread.

To download FrontPAQ v4 click here.

Thursday, October 1, 2009

SFTM v2.0

REACT! 
Super Fuck This Mind (my Mastermind solver) has been upgraded! Parts of it have been rewritten and it includes 5 new features:

1. You can tell it to ignore combinations that contain a color more than once.
2. Color names can be easily customized.
3. You can now play your own moves instead of the suggestion that will always be given. That way you can continue old games by playing the old moves again.
4. The above settings can either be typed into SFTM whenever you run it or read from textfiles.
5. If it detects a mistake it will ask for the correct combination and spot the mistake you did.

I also included a benchmarking version too which will tell you how many moves are needed on average for different settings.

Here is a screenshot:


Don't forget to read the included README! It explains most things, I think!

You can download SFTM from here. Have fun cheating!


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Friday, September 4, 2009

FrontPAQ

REACT! 
You know how much I love 7zip because of it's great compression ratios...
What would you say for some even lower compression ratios?
What about a way to estimate the Shannon entropy of your data??
Why not give PAQ8PX a try then???
Yeah of course I am exaggerating a bit but the PAQ8 compressor series will definitely give you the best lossless compression ratios you can currently get on Earth. Actually PAQ8PH series have won the Hutter prize twice!
PAQ8PH contain dictionaries in them and aim at compressing text. For "everyday" usage the PAQ8PX is likely the best you can find out there. The only tiny winy drawback is that it is awfully slow: just a bit faster than a PSTN line on my CPU.

In any case, be it practical or not, you should give PAQ8PX a try and I just made your life a bit easier by making a simple frontend called FrontPAQ that simplifies the compression level selection and also calculates the ETA, the compression speed and some more things. FrontPAQ includes the latest version of PAQ8PX I could find (I found it in this post), is written in AutoIt \m/ so it is a standalone executable and is realeased under the GNU GPL v3.

Here are some screenshots showing the whole process you have to follow in order to compress a directory:
(Don't worry, normally you will get more than 3.8KB/s)

So, go on and download FrontPAQ from here.

Saturday, August 29, 2009

OnTop v1.0 (and some news)

REACT! 
It's been 3 months since my last post. No, I haven't abandoned my blog, it's just that I'm working on other things too, mostly on anonymous networks like TOR's "Onionland" and Freenet. I also made and learned things that aren't meant to be on this blog (yet). For example I started writing a remote control application in Java (using the marvelous NetBeans IDE) along with a friend (DimBiC) so I also learned how to use SVN. At the same time I moved from Ubuntu to Windows 7 because I only have one laptop (unfortunately made by Sony) which refuses to run Freenet properly on Ubuntu and instead crashes overnight. By the way I am amazed by how nice Windows 7 is, it has nothing to do with Vista. But, still, I miss Ubuntu...

Now that I work on Windows again I learned programming in AutoIt. What can I say? I love it... It's not meant for serious programming but writing programs in it is actually funny. AutoIt allows you to play with so many aspects of Windows so easily. It's an interpreter full of system functions ready to control, use, abuse, or expoit your (or someone else's) system! (and it creates standalone portable executables!)

So here is what I and DimBiC (a friend of mine) just made: OnTop. A program that sits on your tray and toggles the always-on-top property of any window with just a keystroke (Win+Alt+T). With another keystroke (Win+Alt+Y) you can set the transparency for all inactive always-on-top windows. This is the first version so there might be some bugs which, at the time being (3:42am), I lack the mental clarity to detect and fix.

To download OnTop click here. (AutoIt source code included of course...)

PS: The cool Marvin icon was made by the guy here.

Tuesday, March 31, 2009

iDirt

REACT! 
One more natural Apple advertisement. In Patras as well...

Saturday, March 28, 2009

Steal Something Today v1.0.0

REACT! 
If you have ever setup a home network you probably run into Windows File and Printer Sharing, the feature of Windows that enables users to share files and printers over a local network.

This feature, although useful, is also very dangerous if improperly configured. For example older versions of XP did share the root of your hard disk (this is one of the so called Administrative Shares). Normally you would need the administrator password to gain access to these shares from a remote host but, if I remember correctly, those old versions of XP did share them without a password if you hadn't set one for the Administrator account. Newer versions (SP2 or greater perhaps) don't leave the Administrative Shares unprotected but still many machines are misconfigured in other ways.

In fact some machines are so badly misconfigured that you can see their shared folders from the Internet. For example Dr.X has a computer that connects to the Internet with an old ADSL modem and shares this connection to the rest of his house. He also shares a folder with personal files in his internal network which accidentally is also shared over all the network interfaces of his computer, one of which is the ADSL modem which connects to the Internet.

Before some years you could do a port 445 (the port used by Windows for Windows Shares) scan (portsweeping as Wikipedia tells me) in your neighboring IP addresses and find lots of misconfigured hosts. Now these incidents have been limited by the adoption of the otherwise crappy Windows Vista and the usage of otherwise annoying firewalls. But still "victims" can be found.



Steal Something Today (SST) is a simple portscanner specialized in finding misconfigured hosts. You simply run it, press two buttons and wait until computers start popping up in explorer windows. SST will start a bidirectional scan starting from your IP address (or any other address) and it will list all hosts with port 445 open. By default it will automatically open these hosts with windows explorer. These host will luckily need a password but I always find many hosts sharing directories completely unprotected.

SST is completely portable. It stores its settings inside an INI file in its directory. It is a VB6 application using the Winsock control which is included in the zipfile and in most cases it will simply run by double clicking the exe. I haven't tested it on Vista and I don't care doing so. :-P Also it probably doesn't work on Linux with Wine (but you can still run it in a virtual machine).

As for the legality of the program: First of all by using it you agree that you are the solely responsible for what you do with it. The program itself is not illegal, not even by the means of DMCA or other equally stupid laws since it does not break any kind of security system. However portscanning might be prohibited by the terms of usage that your ISP made you agree on. Anyway, that paragraph was not necessary, I just wanted to show how much I hate the DMCA. (also copyrights in general) :-)

Download SST by clicking here. (VB6 sources included, read the license terms)

Saturday, February 14, 2009

7-Zip vs WINRAR

REACT! 
WINRAR (current version: 3.80) was, and still is, popular. You can tell that by the number of people seeding the torrent of it's cracked version on The Pirate Bay (currently 2308 seeding versus 16 leeching). And people have got a reason to buy (or crack) such a program:
  • Very beautiful interface that can be themed.
  • High compression ratios.
  • Quite fast.
  • Supports multithreaded compression.
  • Supports archives with recovery records.
  • Portable version available.
  • Linux command line version available.
  • Available in 47 languages.
  • Supports creation of SFX RAR and ZIP archives
  • Full support for RAR and ZIP.
  • Extraction only support for the following 12 formats: CAB, ARJ, LZH, TAR, GZ, BZ2, ACE, UUE, JAR, ISO, 7Z, Z.
  • AES-128 encryption for RAR files.
  • Is programmed by a Russian, etc.
But WINRAR first of all is not free, neither in price nor free the way FSF means. It costs currently around $30.

On the other hand we have 7-Zip (current version: 4.65)
  • 7-Zip offers even better compression ratios.
  • 7-Zip is slower than WINRAR for some compression ratios but faster for others. (that's something I did not expect, keep on reading)
  • It is smaller in size.
  • Supports multithreaded compression.
  • There is also a portable version.
  • There is also Linux command line version.
  • It is available in 74 laguages. (Nice symmetry with WINRAR's 47 languages)
  • Supports creation of SFX archives in 7z format.
  • Offers full support of the following 5 formats: 7z, ZIP, GZIP, BZIP2 and TAR. The ZIP support offers higher compression ratios than that of WINRAR but no SFX support.
  • Offers extraction only support for the following 18 formats: ARJ, CAB, CHM, CPIO, DEB, DMG, HFS, ISO, LZH, LZMA, MSI, NSIS, RAR, RPM, UDF, WIM, XAR and Z.
  • AES-256 encryption both for 7z and ZIP files.
  • It is also programmed by a Russian ;-)
  • But, most importantly, 7-Zip is completely free and open source!
So what's the catch?

7-Zip used to be buggy and that's perhaps the reason why some people are afraid to use it. The latest versions are really stable. I haven't encountered any strange errors and I use 7-Zip a lot.

7-Zip lacks some features like the recovery records. But do people need them nowadays?
The recovery records are used to recover data from damaged RAR archives. You definitely need those if you store backups on unreliable media. But from my experience most people backup on externals HD drives which if they fail, they fail completely. The recovery records are only useful when bad sectors emerge under the RAR file. They are also completely useless when you transfer RAR files over a P2P network such as Bittorrent since most (if not all) such networks have error correction algorithms in their clients, or will simply redownload bad pieces. In any case you could use PHPar2 to create recovery records for any file, including 7-Zip archives.

7-Zip's interface is simpler than that of WINRAR as you can see:

WINRAR
7-Zip

7-Zip Archive Creation
This is the window you will see every time you add files to an archive. It contains every option you will ever need to use. In addition to these, 7-Zip supports lots of advanced options which you will probably never use but if you ever want to, then read the command line parameters from the help file and add them to the Parameters text field on the above window.

The most important thing in a compression program is the ratios it achieves and it's speed. I tested both programs, using their native format, on 4 different datasets using each of the 7 supported compression levels with solid archives on. Here are the results:

  1. Dataset 1: INSHAME folder. This is the directory where I keep the source code of my programs, the zipfiles that I distribute, some BMPs, and some other zipfiles. I usually backup this so I thought it would be nice for comparing the programs. I can't provide this dataset since it contains personal files.
    You can see the results by clicking here or take a look at this graph directly:

    As you can see WINRAR has the fastest compression while 7-Zip has the highest. WINRAR's Fastest and Fast compression beat 7-Zip's. But after Normal compression 7-Zip beats WINRAR's compression ratios for the same compression time.

  2. Dataset 2: Globulation 2 folder. Globulation 2 is an open source RTS game. This dataset is almost identical to the game folder after installing the game which available at their site but it is also available on demand (email me).
    You can see the results by clicking here or take a look at this graph directly:

    Although WINRAR has the fastest compression again, 7-Zip's Fastest and 7-Zip's Fast are better than what WINRAR would have accomplished in the same compression time (supposing that the time/size relation is linear.) Strangely, WINRAR's Good is faster than WINRAR's Normal and faster than what 7-Zip would have accomplished in the same compression time.

  3. Dataset 3: pup_save-Tritonio.2fs. I have installed Puppy Linux on my flash drive. This is the persistent storage file. I usually backup this in case it gets corrupted. This Dataset is available on demand (unless I have stored any passwords in there, in that case I will erase them before sending the file).
    You can see the results by clicking here or take a look at this graph directly:

    As always WINRAR offers the fastest possible compression. This time 7-Zip's Fastest offers better compression than what WINRAR would have accomplished in the same compression time. WINRAR's Fast, Normal and Good are better than what 7-Zip would have accomplished in the same compression time. WINRAR's Best is not as good as what 7-Zip would have offered in the same compression time. 7-Zip also offers the highest possible compression.

  4. Dataset 4: QEMU folder. This folders contains QEMU and QEMU Manager as it is available from their site. Since the dataset may contain some of my user settings, it is available on demand.
    You can see the results by clicking here or take a look at this graph directly:

    This time WINRAR is faster than what 7-Zip would have been in the same compression time. Still though 7-Zip offers the highest compression ratio if you are willing to spend some extra time.
I have heard that WINRAR is much faster than 7-Zip. But from what I saw that's not always the case. WINRAR's Fastest is always faster than 7-Zip's Fastest but has a much lower compression ratio. There are cases, though, where 7-Zip offers better ratios than what WINRAR would offer in the same time. Also in every case 7-Zip's Ultra offers the best compression ratio.

So if you don't actually care about the fancy interface and prefer an easier and simpler one and if you don't need the recovery records, why spend $30 on WINRAR when there is an open source alternative offering equally good compression rates and compression times and supports even more compression formats? Why not spend them on The Orange Box instead? :-)

Friday, January 30, 2009

iBroke

REACT! 
Apple is known for its innovative advertisements:

Tuesday, January 27, 2009

AskWise v1.1.0

REACT! 
I would like to test this version a bit more but it seems stable so I am releasing it. The new features, as found in the changelog are:

v1.1.0: The stiffness has been removed. Some minor improvements on the prediction algorithm. The database format has also been changed. To upgrade a database to the new format, just remove completely its second line. Batch prediction feature added*. Nano is now the default external editor for Linux.

*The batch prediction feature will help you get lot's of predictions at once by inputing TSV files with queries into AskWise.

Also in the process of writting v1.1 I might have fixed some bugs that might have or might have not existed in the v1.0. :-)

For more info about AskWise you might want to read all posts about it.

The new version can be downloaded from here.


PS: Here is a small Lua Quine I made: s=[[ print("s=\[\["..s.."\]\]"..s) ]] print("s=\[\["..s.."\]\]"..s)
Quines are programs that output their source code when run. You can find Quines in many languages here.

Friday, January 16, 2009

Email sanitizer-extractor in Lua

REACT! 
Yesterday a friend asked me to write a little script that reads a file and outputs every email it reads in another file, discarding any duplicates. After making the program he told me that he was searching the Internet and couldn't find something similar so I should upload it somewhere just in case someone else needs it.

To make it more interesting I managed to make it a single call program: everything is defined inside the arguments of a single call. In fact there are two calls: the first returns an object, a function of which is immediately called. Anyway here is the code:

io.open("output.txt","w"):write((string.gsub(" "..io.open(((arg or {})[1] or "input.txt")):read("*a").." ",".-([%w%.%-_]+@[%w%.%-_]+).-",function (email) email=string.lower(email) print("EMAIL: '"..email.."'") emails=emails or {} for index,emailseen in ipairs(emails) do if emailseen==email then return "" end end table.insert(emails,email) return email.."\n" end)))

Now let's break that up and put some comments, shall we?

io.open("output.txt","w"):write( --io.open opens a file in write mode and returns the file handle which instead of being stored in a variable is immediately used by calling it's filehandle:write function.

(string.gsub( --string.gsub will finally return two arguments: the email list, one per line, lowercase, and without duplicates and the number of replacements it did. The first argument is our output. I can discard the second by putting the function call, therefore the returned argument list, into parentheses. In Lua print((5,"kostas","klapatsimpala")) will just print 5.

" "..io.open(((arg or {})[1] or "input.txt")):read("*a").." " --This is the first argument to string.gsub. like we did before, we open a file in read mode and immediately use the returned handle to do a full read of the file. A tricky part is the "(arg or {})[1] or "input.txt"" part. If you call a lua script with extra arguments then the arg table will be created by Lua. If it exists then the "arg or {}" part will evaluate in "arg" (if on the left side of an "or" is a true value then "or" simply results in that) and then "(arg)[1]" will return the first variable which is a custom input filename. That filename "ORed" with "input.txt" will simply return that filename (since any strings are true values for Lua, so OR will evaluate in the left argument). If you didn't call the script with any arguments then the arg table will not exist, thus the "(arg or {})" part will result in a newly created empty table. Of course if you index it's first cell you'll find nothing, so the "({})[1] or "input.txt"" will result in "input.txt" (if "or" finds a false or nil value on it's left it will simply return the value on it's right). Finally I add two space characters: one to the start of the read data and one to the end. These are added so that the pattern matching I use will apply to any emails exactly at the beginning or exactly at the end of the read data.


,".-([%w%.%-_]+@[%w%.%-_]+).-" --The second argument is the pattern. I am breaking up the whole text in the following way: any number of any characters (as less as possible) followed by any number of email allowed characters (as much as possible), followed by @, followed by any number of email allowed characters (as much as possible), followed by any number of any characters (as less as possible). The "email allowed characters" are: alphanumerics, dot, dash, underscore). From this pattern I want to capture just the email part.

,function (email) --Now this is the best part. An anonymous function. It is created without being stored in a variable (which would give it a name) and immediately used as an argument to string.gsub. This function accepts a single argument: email. string.gsub will call it for every match with the capture (the email) as an argument.

email=string.lower(email) --First of all we turn the email to lowercase

print("EMAIL: '"..email.."'") --Debugging message...

emails=emails or {} --Remember what we said. If the left argument is true (not false and not nil) then it is returned, so if the emails variable has already been defined nothing will happen because emails=emails will be executed. If the emails variable is not defined (is nil) though, then "or" will return it's right argument therefore emails={} will be executed and emails will be initialized as an empty table.

for index,emailseen in ipairs(emails) do --For every already seen email do:

if emailseen==email then return "" end --If this already seen email is the same with the new capture then just return "" so that the whole match will be replaced by nothing. Remember that although the capture is just the email, the match includes the email as well as the preceding and the following characters.

end --end for.

table.insert(emails,email) --If we managed to get here then this email capture is seen for the first time. We insert it in the emails table.

return email.."\n" --and finally we return the email capture (lowercase) followed by a newline. This will replace the whole match.

end --end of the anonymous function

) --closing of string.gsub

) --that's the second parentheses for string.gsub (to discard the second returned argument)

) --closing of write.


That's all. I seem like it is working but I haven't done any extensive debugging.

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